Birth date: 
26 January
Death date: 
23 May

François Coppée

François Edouard Joachim Coppée (26 January 1842 – 23 May 1908) was a French poet and novelist.

Biography

He was born in Paris to a civil servant. After attending the Lycée Saint-Louis he became a clerk in the ministry of war, and won public favour as a poet of the Parnassian school. His first printed verses date from 1864. In 1869 his first play, Le Passant, was received with approval at the Odéon theatre, and later Fais ce que dois (1871) and Les Bijoux de la délivrance (1872), short poetic dramas inspired by the Franco-Prussian War, were applauded.

After holding a post in the library of the senate, Coppée was chosen in 1878 as archivist of the Comédie Française, an office he held till 1884. In that year his election to the Académie française caused him to retire from all public appointments. He was made an officer of the Legion of Honour in 1888.

Coppée was famed as le poète des humbles (the poet of the humble). His verse and prose focus on plain expressions of emotion, patriotism, the joy of young love, and the pitifulness of the poor. He continued to write plays, mostly serious dramas in verse, two in collaboration with Armand d'Artois. The performance of a short episode of the Commune, Le Pater, was prohibited by the government in 1889. Coppée published his first prose work in 1875 and went on to publish short stories, an autobiography of his youth, a series of short articles on miscellaneous subjects, and La Bonne Souffrance, a popular account of his reconversion to the Roman Catholic Church. His conversion was due to a severe illness which twice brought him close to death. He was also interested with public affairs, joining the most violent section of the Nationalist movement (while remaining contemptuous of the apparatus of democracy) and taking a leading part against Alfred Dreyfus in the Dreyfus affair. He was one of the founders of the Ligue de la Patrie Française.

Criticism

The poet Arthur Rimbaud, a young contemporary of Coppée, published numerous parodies of Coppée's poetry. Rimbaud's parodies were published in L'Album Zutique (in 1871? 1872?). Most of these poems parody the style ("chatty comfortable rhymes" that were "the delight of the enlightened bourgeois of the day") and form (Alexandrine couplets arranged in ten line verses) of some short poems by Coppée. Rimbaud published them under the name François Coppée.

Works

Poetry

Le Reliquaire (1866)
Intimités (1867)
Poémes modernes (1867-9)
Les Humbles (1872)
Le Cahier rouge (1874)
Olivier (1875)
L'Exilée (1876)
Contes en vers (1881)
Poèmes et récits (1886)
Arrière-saison (1887)
Paroles sincères (1890)
Dans la prière et la lutte
Vers français
Salut, Petit Jesus

Plays

Le Passant (1869) Translated into Portuguese by Alves Crespo (playwright, 1847-1907) as Sonho and published in 1905.
Deux Douleurs (1870)
Fais ce que Dois (1871)
L'Abandonnée (1871)
Les Bijoux de la Délivrance (1872)
Le Rendez-Vous (1872)
Prologue d'Ouverture pour les Matinées de la Gaîté (1874)
Le Luthier de Crémone (1876)
La Guerre de Cent Ans (1877)
Le Tresor (1879)
La Bataille d'Hernani (1880)
La Maison de Moliére (1880)
Madame de Maintenon (1881)
Severo Torelli (1883) Translated into Portuguese by Jaime Victor and Macedo Papança, Visconde de Monsaraz, and performed in Lisbon at the National Theatre in 1887. Published in the same year.
Les Jacobites (1885)
Le Pater (1889) Translated into Portuguese by Margarida de Sequeira as O Pater.
Pour la couronne (1895) Translated into English by John Davidson as For the Crown and performed at the Lyceum Theatre, London, in 1896. For the Crown was performed at Covent Garden as a prize-winning opera The Cross and the Crescent with music by Colin McAlpin in 1903.

Prose works

Une Idylle pendant le siège (187)
Toute une jeunesse (1890)
Les Vrais riches (1892)
Le Coupable (1896)
Mon franc-parler (1893–96) (articles)
La Bonne Souffrance (1898)

Works in English translation

(1890). Ten Tales.
(1893). True Riches.
(1894). Blessed Are the Poor.
(1896). Coppée and Maupassant Tales.
(1901). Tale for Christmas, and Other Seasons.
(1905). A Romance of Youth.
(1910). "A Piece of Bread," in International Short Stories.
(1915). Pater Noster.
(1915). "The Wounded Soldier in the Convent," in War Poems and Other Translations, by Lord Curzon.
(1931). The Lord's Prayer.

Interviews

Magazines

Poems by this Poet

Displaying 21 - 30 of 54
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L'allee est droite et longue, et sur le ciel d'hiver 31 July 2013
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L'Amazone 31 July 2013
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La Cueillette des Cerises 31 July 2013
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La memoire 31 July 2013
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La mort de oiseaux 31 July 2013
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La petite marchande de fleurs 31 July 2013
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La reve du poete 31 July 2013
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Le crepuscule est triste et doux comme un adieu 31 July 2013
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Le lis 31 July 2013
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Mai 31 July 2013
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