Birth date: 
1797
Death date: 
1884
Birth town: 
Northampton
Country: 
North Carolina

George Moses Horton was an African-American poet.

Biography

He was born into slavery on William Horton's plantation in Northampton County, North Carolina. As a very young child, he and several family members were moved to a tobacco farm in rural Chatham County, when his owner relocated. Horton composed poems in his mind through his teen years. He was allowed by his master to visit the nearby University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he recited poems to students who eagerly wrote them down and paid him for his compositions. His fame spread, and a collection of poems was published under the title The Hope of Liberty (1829). Horton was the first black southern author and the first African American poet to produce a volume in more than half a century.

Two more collections of Horton's poetry include Poetical Works (1845) and Naked Genius (1865). Horton began calling himself "the Colored Bard of North Carolina." Many of his works were vivid and powerful attacks on slavery.

After the American Civil War, Horton moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he lived until his death. Once in the north, he never published another verse.

During the summer of 2006, UNC Chapel Hill renamed a newly built dorm, previously known as Hinton James North, to George Moses Horton dormitory.

George Moses Horton's Works:

The Hope of Liberty (1829)
Poetical Works (1845)
Naked Genius (1865)

Interviews

Magazines

Poems by this Poet

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A Billet Doux 30 July 2013
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A Slave's Reflections the Eve Before His Sale 29 November 2013
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Acrostics 5 September 2014
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Clays Defeat 31 July 2013
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Death Of A Favorite Chamber Maid 31 July 2013
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Death of an Old Carriage Horse 31 July 2013
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Death Of Gen. Jackson - An Eulogy 31 July 2013
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Departing Summer 31 July 2013
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Division Of An Estate 31 July 2013
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Early Affeection 31 July 2013
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